Info Change India

An archive of knowledge resources of social justice and sustainable development
in India

Sat10212017

Last updateSat, 22 Jul 2017 6am

Linguistic inclusion on the internet

Linguistic inclusion on the internet

By AlokeThakore

Not a single one of the Eighth Schedule Indian languages is used by more...

Net neutrality: Superhighway to digital inclusion

Net neutrality: Superhighway to digital inclusion

By Ashoak Upadhyay

If users have to pay for the services available via the internet unde...

Ambivalent internet: Freedoms and fears

Ambivalent internet: Freedoms and fears

By Shivani Gupta

The internet is not a gender-neutral space. Women from patriarchal backg...

Digital inequality in the Global South

Digital inequality in the Global South

By TT Sreekumar

Studies which focus on information and communication technologies (ICTs)...

Caste concerns in landmark e-governance projects

Caste concerns in landmark e-governance projects

By Rahul De’

Many e-governance programmes in developing countries reach into the furthes...

Himachal Pradesh is the first Indian state to sell carbon credits under the UN-mandated Clean Development Mechanism to the World Bank from new forests to be developed largely on waste ground

Read more...

The Supreme Court of India threw out the curative petition of the CBI to increase punishment for top brass at Union Carbide, but said the sessions court was free to examine the charges in light of new evidence

Read more...

Local farmers are resisting the Luhri power project that will drastically alter the course of the Sutlej river and bring about environmental changes that will affect the all-important apple crop

Read more...

Violence erupts as villagers in Greater Noida protest the low compensation being offered to them for their land

Read more...

The Ministry of Environment and Forests has given its approval to the controversial Posco steel project, setting aside the objections of local communities and, according to the protesters, subverting its own laws

Read more...

Mendha Lekha becomes the first village to get rights to harvest and sell bamboo, although conservationists sound a warning about allowing this in protected areas

Read more...

A new Rs 400 crore rehabilitation package and promises of stand-alone safety systems for each reactor are among new initiatives spelt out by the government to quell growing resistance against the Jaitapur nuclear power plant in Maharashtra

Read more...

A Chhattisgarh government initiative has succeeded in electrifying many remote villages with solar energy where other states have failed

Read more...

The POSCO iron and steel plant has hit another roadblock with the environment ministry requiring further proof that it will not flout the rights of forest-dwellers, under the Forest Rights Act

Read more...

Germany is the only industrialised country that is serious about ultimately shutting down all its nuclear reactors and scaling up investment in renewables. Experts say it could provide the map for others to follow

Read more...

Countries around the world promise to learn lessons from Japan’s nuclear disaster and, in India, protests by anti-nuclear activists and locals living in the vicinity of planned nuclear power plants have gathered momentum

Read more...

Courts should ensure that the welfare of people is not sacrificed even when public interest is involved, the Supreme Court observed while ruling on a land acquisition case

Read more...

Posco’s controversial steel and mining project in Orissa, which will uproot thousands of people, gets the nod from the environment ministry albeit with around 50 conditions. But those opposed to the project question whether this is of any use given the country’s traditionally weak monitoring process

Read more...

The high-level National Advisory Council wants better implementation of the Forest Rights Act to ensure tribals receive their entitlements. But the ministry has rejected its proposals

Read more...

Like the Act that gives user and land rights to forest-dwelling communities, a bill guaranteeing similar rights to fishing communities is on the anvil

Read more...

Coastal communities get more rights under new CRZ rules notified by the environment ministry

Read more...

Activists allege that eco-tourism zones in the popular holiday destination have been drawn up to help real estate developers, not the environment

Read more...

A World Bank study has quantified the economic loss of lack of toilets and sanitation facilities in the country at $54 billion, as a consequence of treatment cost for diseases, early deaths, lost productivity, and loss in tourist revenue among other factors

Read more...

A substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions in India could come from using ICT in the construction, road transport and power sectors, says a new report

Read more...

The International Union for Conservation of Nature is assessing India’s freshwater biodiversity after 13 years

Read more...

An Indo-French agreement to set up two of six nuclear power reactors at Jaitapur in Maharashtra has recently been signed. But local people whose lands will be taken away say they have refused to accept government compensation, and protests are growing about the environmental and health effects of the plants

Read more...

By Darryl D'Monte

Japan’s indication that it would not be party to an extension of the Kyoto Protocol was the biggest threat to a successful outcome at Cancun

Read more...

By Darryl D'Monte

1.21 gigatonnes (Gt) of carbon dioxide have been emitted since the beginning of the industrial revolution, according to one report released at the climate summit in Cancun. Developing countries have emitted only 28% of that

Read more...

By Darryl D'Monte

Indigenous groups protest REDD+ at Cancun, saying the climate law will give governments, industry and commerce further control of forests

Read more...

A UN-led report says that few actions can cut carbon emissions more easily than the phase out of inefficient lighting, making it one of the most effective and economically advantageous means to combat climate change

Read more...

By Darryl D'Monte

Japan reports impressive gains in reduction of greenhouse gas emissions at the GLOBE International legislators group meeting in Mexico City midway through the Cancun climate summit

Read more...

NGOs keep alive the memory of victims of the deadly gas leak in Bhopal 26 years ago, and accuse the government of wanting to forget

Read more...

By Darryl D'Monte

Several new avenues for raising funds to combat climate change have been proposed at the ongoing UN climate summit in Cancun, but there is less agreement on who should manage and govern this green fund

Read more...

By Darryl D'Monte

An EU Commission document on how much developing countries have received from government or multilateral agencies to fight climate change revealed that India has only three ongoing projects, worth Euro 8.6 million and all funded by Germany

Read more...

By Darryl D'Monte

At the UN climate summit in Cancun an OECD survey revealed that the US will need to deviate from business-as-usual by only 3.5% to achieve its emission-reduction targets, while India will be required to deviate by at least 36%

Read more...

Global warming is now such a serious threat to mankind that climate change experts are calling for Second World War-style rationing in rich countries to bring down carbon emissions

Read more...

Answers given by the PMO and the environment ministry to RTI filings on India’s climate change policy and preparedness show that there is little interest in the issue, and even less knowledge

Read more...

M S Swaminathan, the architect of India’s Green Revolution, has put his weight behind the ban imposed by the Kerala Pollution Control Board on use of the pesticide endosulfan

Read more...

Promises countries made to control carbon emissions will see temperatures rise by up to 4 degrees C during this century, a UN report concludes and warns that further curbs on emissions are needed to meet climate targets

Read more...

The Ministry for Environment and Forests has sought an explanation from the Andhra Pradesh government for starting work on the controversial Polavaram irrigation project without proper environmental clearance, and for not holding public hearings in the adjoining states of Orissa and Chhattisgarh

Read more...

The Centre has decided not to pursue the Bhopal gas tragedy compensation case in US courts

Read more...

Efforts to save endangered animals seem to be making little difference, with a fifth of the world’s mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish threatened with extinction, says a new analysis

Read more...

The Union government has ordered Vedanta to immediately halt expansion work at its troubled alumina refinery in Orissa’s Lanjhigarh, and has told the company to fulfil a number of conditions in order to operate its existing facility

Read more...

The Climate Change Vulnerability Index, that was prepared on the basis of calculated vulnerability of countries to the effects of climate change in the next 30 years, places Bangladesh and India at ‘extreme risk’

Read more...

Even as a committee of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants proposes a ban on use of the deadly Endosulfan pesticide, many farmers in Idukki have stepped up its use in cardamom plantations. Shockingly, India is opposed to the ban

Read more...

After Australia and New Zealand, now India has set up a full-fledged environmental court to deal with environmental issues. The move is seen as a sign of a tougher approach by India to improving its green track record, as concerns mount about the impact of growing industrialisation on air and water quality, forests and wildlife

Read more...

An Indian government panel has recommended that environmental clearance for a $12 billion steel plant to be built by South Korean company Posco be scrapped. The plant in Orissa is India’s largest foreign investment project, but critics fear it will exhaust iron ore deposits in 20 years while causing lasting environmental damage

Read more...

Species are becoming extinct at 100-1,000 times the natural rate, key habitats are disappearing, and more and more water and land are being used to support people, says a UN meeting aimed at finding solutions to the world’s environmental crisis

Read more...

The soil in large parts of the southern hemisphere has been drying up over the last decade, according to researchers who have released the first major global study on “evapo-transpiration”

Read more...

Researchers have identified a painless way to achieve huge energy savings: stop wasting food. The United States alone could immediately save the energy equivalent of about 350 million barrels of oil a year if they stopped wasting food

Read more...

The Supreme Court has directed the Centre to file its response to the Orissa government’s plea to quash clearance for the Andhra Pradesh government’s controversial Polavaram dam project

Read more...

A first ever comprehensive study of plants finds that 22% of all species are at risk. Species in tropical rainforests more so

Read more...

India expects to put in place, in five years, a system of green national accounting that will take into account the environmental costs of development and reflect the use of precious natural resources in the process of generating national income

Read more...

Six top science academies favour the release of genetically modified brinjal in a report, which, according to an advocacy group has been plagiarised

Read more...

In a bid to intensify its drive against illegal mining, the government plans to set up an independent sectoral regulator, possibly through an ordinance under the existing Mines Act

Read more...

India proposes to hold the next meeting of a high-level international panel on global sustainability sometime around April 2011. The panel faces the task of finding a solution to the challenge of lifting people out of poverty whilst promoting sustainable development

Read more...

India has been identified as the most important country for tigers, with 18 of the 42 ‘source sites’ that are the ‘last hope’ and therefore a priority for the recovery of the world’s largest cat, says a recent study

Read more...

A rough draft of the ‘Himalayan Declaration’ that is to be discussed for a full year was released at a function held at the Gandhi Peace Foundation in Delhi to commemorate the first ‘Himalayan Day’, observed on September 9

Read more...

Violations include failure to adhere to environment protection norms, unauthorised expansion of capacity to 6 million tones, and sourcing of bauxite from illegal mines. The company has until September 14 to submit its reply. An unsatisfactory explanation could result in closure of the refinery

Read more...

The shipping ministry has asked all ports to draw up contingency plans to deal with future oil spills. Early this month, the collision of two cargo vessels MSC Chitra and MV Khalijia–III resulted in a major spill that caused significant environmental damage and restricted access to Mumbai Port and Jawaharlal Nehru Port

Read more...

The elephant is to be declared a ‘heritage animal’, in an effort to prevent numbers from dwindling. The initiative is a measure to help protect a species that’s closely associated with India’s culture and heritage

Read more...

The government has extended a moratorium on development projects in critically polluted industrial clusters that have failed to submit remediation plans to clean up the sites in two months

Read more...

A mysterious oil spill off the coast of Goa has resulted in black balls of hardened oil washing ashore on most beaches in south Goa and some parts of north Goa

Read more...

An apex court Bench has sought responses from all the accused in the Bhopal gas tragedy, on the curative petition filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation seeking a recall of the court’s 14-year-old judgment that had diluted the offence

Read more...

A consensus of sorts appears to be emerging on better management of natural resources after political parties voice their opposition to the present system of mine allocation, prompting the Union government to identify areas of dense forest where mining will not be allowed

Read more...

Even the most extreme geo-engineering approach will not stop sea levels from rising because of climate change, a study suggests

Read more...

In a setback to Vedanta Resources, the Indian government has rejected environment clearance to its $ 1.7 billion bauxite mining project in Orissa after accepting the recommendations of a key panel clearing such ventures

Read more...

Lavasa, modern India’s first planned hill city being built on 25,000 acres of land in Pune district, has come under the scanner of the central Ministry of Environment and Forests

Read more...

The Centre has said polluters will have to pay for environment and maritime losses caused by the collision of two merchant vessels off the Mumbai coast, on August 7, and has assured fishermen who could not fish due to the oil spill that they will be given compensation

Read more...

After a stop-work order on the Rs 54,000-crore Posco project, a four-member panel appointed by the Union Ministry for Environment and Forests deals a blow to yet another big-ticket investor in Orissa, the London-based Vedanta Resources Ltd

Read more...

The Indian Cabinet, on August 16, 2010, ordered a probe into alleged illegal mining in the country. Of late, the issue has been in the limelight especially in mineral-rich states like Karnataka, Orissa and Jharkhand

Read more...

Over 500 kg of fish samples were found to be contaminated by the oil spill off Mumbai’s coast. Mangroves near Elephanta Island and near Vashi in Navi Mumbai were also affected. There is, however, no estimate of the scale of the damage

Read more...

India is set to launch a satellite to monitor forest cover, in 2013. Meanwhile, consultations for finalisation of the Green India Mission too have reached the final stage. The government hopes to expand forest cover from 23% to 33%, and carry out afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest land

Read more...

Two Panamanian cargo ships, MSC Chitra and MV Khalijia-111, collided on August 7, 2010, off the Mumbai coast causing an oil spill that could pose a huge environmental threat

Read more...

Konkan Vinashkari Prakalpa Virodhi Samiti has demanded that the Maharashtra government immediately cancel forceful land acquisitions by the Nuclear Power Corporation for a proposed power plant at Jaitapur in Ratnagiri district

Read more...

The government and the Opposition have been at loggerheads over the issue of financial liability. The T Subbarami Reddy Committee held its 25th meeting this week and is understood to have fixed a timetable for clearance of the Bill

Read more...

India’s Central Bureau of Investigation has moved the Supreme Court seeking to restore the stringent charge of culpable homicide, which attracts a maximum punishment of 10 years in jail

Read more...

Crowded cities across the country struggle to clear the air as pollution levels rise alarmingly due to vehicular congestion. Perhaps the more worrying factor is the growing rate of air pollution in smaller towns

Read more...

As radiation victims in Mayapuri reject relief, the Delhi High Court has decided to examine the need to put in place a legal regime for speedy relief and adequate compensation to victims of man-made disasters

Read more...

The Union Ministry of Environment and Forests has halted all activity related to the construction of a mangrove theme park in Kerala’s Kannur district due to fears of environmental damage

Read more...

The Orissa High Court has set aside the state government’s recommendation of granting Posco a mining lease to the Khandadhar mines in Sundargarh, observing that the state’s mineral policy was “a mess”

Read more...

Four villagers died and over 60 were injured when police opened fire at fishermen and farmers protesting construction of a coal-based power plant by Nagarjuna Construction Company in Andhra Pradesh’s Srikakulam district

Read more...

Levels are rising unevenly in the Indian Ocean putting millions at risk along low-lying coastlines in Bangladesh, Indonesia and Sri Lanka, besides worsening monsoon flooding in India, say scientists in a new study

Read more...

Protesters burnt copies of the new Rs 400 crore rehabilitation package announced by Posco for people to be displaced by the plant, and accused Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik of reneging on his promise to visit the site of the proposed steel plant in Orissa’s Jagatsinghpur district

Read more...

Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh has said there are serious environmental issues that need to be addressed before the Navi Mumbai airport plan can be cleared. And he remains firm about his decision not to allow private helipads in Mumbai

Read more...

The Kerala government has decided to set up a tribunal to assess and realise compensation from Coca-Cola for the damage caused by its bottling plant at Plachimada, in Palakkad district

Read more...

The Dongria Kondhs of Lanjigarh in Orissa may have got some respite with the Ministry of Environment and Forests setting up another committee to reconsider how the proposed Vedanta mine in the area could affect the tribe

Read more...

Union Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh reiterated that India would not accept an international climate treaty that did not have at its base the principles of equity and equitable access to global atmospheric space

Read more...

With the summer sun baking the earth and cities growing in number, hot cities will grow even hotter, says a new British study

Read more...

In what Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Chairman RK Pachauri’s office calls a victory of sorts, a major British newspaper has tendered an apology for rubbishing a report used by the IPCC to highlight the risk to the Amazonian rainforest

Read more...

Specialised environmental courts being set up under the National Green Tribunal will become operational within the next five months, Union Minister of State for Environment and Forests Jairam Ramesh said in Pune recently

Read more...

Even as it pursues its case to make Dow Chemical pay for cleaning up the Bhopal gas leak site, the Centre has decided to spend around Rs 250 crore towards complete remediation

Read more...

Orissa Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has given in to the Posco Pratirodh Sangram Samiti’s demand that he visit the site, after meeting its representatives for the first time. The prominent anti-Posco group has said it will allow a preliminary survey in two of the seven villages after June 17 provided no policemen accompany the surveyors

Read more...

With questions being raised over the handling of the Bhopal gas tragedy, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has directed the Group of Ministers to meet immediately and report to the Cabinet within 10 days

Read more...

Although disappointed by the first criminal verdict in the 1984 gas tragedy case, Bhopal’s citizens can file for civil damages at a new forum, the National Green Tribunal, soon to be headquartered in the city

Read more...

An Indian court finds the Indian unit of US chemicals firm Union Carbide, its then Indian chairman Keshub Mahindra and seven former employees guilty of negligence in one of the world’s worst industrial accidents that killed thousands in 1984

Read more...

The lofty western Himalayas are being slowly robbed of their butterflies, with at least 50% of species showing a massive decline in less than a decade

Read more...

The number of endangered bird species in the country has risen to 154 from 149 two years ago, says a recent study by BirdLife International and the Bombay Natural History Society

Read more...

The Centre has unveiled a Rs 44,000 crore plan to double the country’s forest and tree cover within the next 10 years. The National Mission on Green India aims to restore over 20 million sq km of ecologically degraded land by 2020, with the primary objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions

Read more...

Final forest clearance for South Korean steel-maker Posco’s integrated steel plant and captive port project in Orissa may take a while longer

Read more...

Mayapuri scrap market in Delhi is still a danger zone, with some hotspots registering radioactivity of upto 5,000 times higher than normal, say Greenpeace radiation experts

Read more...

Around 100 people were injured when police fired rubber bullets and teargas shells, and lathi-charged hundreds of villagers in Orissa’s Jagatsinghpur district to help the administration acquire land for a Posco-India steel project

Read more...

Ahead of the next round of climate talks in Germany in June India is trying to bring the emphasis back on per capita emissions, something that was muted in the outcome of the Copenhagen climate change conference last year

Read more...

Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi has urged Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to direct the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests to withdraw its April 28 order for an independent environmental committee to review environment-related issues surrounding the Sardar Sarovar dam project on the Narmada river

Read more...

The Department of Atomic Energy confirms that the missing Cobalt-60 that claimed a life and affected seven others in a Delhi scrap yard has been recovered. Sixteen pencils containing the radioactive material were located and moved to the Narora Atomic Power Station

Read more...

View archives year-wise from 2001 onwards

The environment ministry has ordered suspension of work on the first private hydroelectric plant in the country, for failing to prepare a rehabilitation plan for the 70,000 people the project will uproot

Read more...

A scrap worker hospitalised after exposure to radiation in the national capital earlier this month died from multiple organ failure on April 26, 2010, becoming the first casualty in India’s 60 years of nuclear history

Read more...

Far more Indians have access to cell phones than to a toilet and basic sanitation, says a new UN report. India has around 545 million cell phones, enough to serve about 45% of the population, but only about 366 million people, or 31% of the population, had access to improved sanitation in 2008

Read more...

India and Bangladesh have decided to set up a joint Sunderbans Ecosystem Forum to protect and preserve the Sunderbans region, 40% of which is in India and 60% in Bangladesh. A joint tiger census may also be undertaken as part of the effort

Read more...

OPENSPACE

 OpenSpace Talk Think Act for change
Our youth forum

KIDSFORCHANGE

Food diaries of poor children
Stories for children

VIDEOS

In Search of My Home
Infochange documentaries

AUDIO FILES

The visible scares of Kashmir
Infochange audio stories

FILM FORUM

REVIEWS OF FILMS
Reviews of documentary films