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Defining developments

Thu24Jul2014

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A world divided by inequality

By Sharmila Joshi

An additional $28 billion a year would make basic education, clean water, healthcare and nutrition available to all the poor people in the world. Yet Western Europe and America spend $35 billion a year on cosmetics, ice cream and pet food. Something is not right in this grossly unequal equation

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Inequality in India: Income, access to healthcare and education for the poor

By Richa Nigam

Inequality in India has grown faster in the last 10-12 years than any other time in our history since the colonial raj

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Dictionary of development

By Sharmila Joshi

How did some parts of the world get categorised as 'developed', and others as 'developing' or 'underdeveloped'?

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Theories of development: Modernisation vs dependency

By Sharmila Joshi

About 50 years ago, the freshly decolonised, 'underdeveloped' nations began a frenetic process of catching up with the West. 'Development' meant economic growth and industrialisation. But this 'modernisation theory' is increasingly being challenged today

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The development project

By Sharmila Joshi

The Bretton Woods institutions were set up in the 1940s to make the world stable for business to invest and profit, for trade to grow and presumably for 'development' to occur. But critics argue that this 'development project' was simply a way for the First World to retain control of the Third World

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The holy trinity: Secularisation, democratisation, industrialisation

By Sunil Khilnani

In 1947, the Congress, which inherited the Indian State, was uncommitted to any decisive strategy to ensure progress. How then did India come to adopt 'development economics' as the way forward?

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The destruction of 'development'

By Jaideep Hardikar

In 57 years, at least 50 million people in India have been displaced by dams, mines, thermal power plants, corridor projects, field firing ranges, express highways, airports, national parks, sanctuaries, industrial townships, even poultry farms. They continue to pay the price for India's 'development'

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How development modernised patriarchy

By Sharmila Joshi

50% of the world's food for direct consumption is produced by women and women do two-thirds of the world's work. Yet global development projects from the 1940s onwards viewed women as little more than mothers feeding babies. As a result, the socio-economic status of women actually declined, thanks to development programmes

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'The main point of the women's movement was to gender human development'

By Rashme Sehgal

Dr Radha Kumar, author of a history of the women's movement in India, counters the charge that the women's movement has focused narrowly on dowry and sati and not sufficiently on important development issues such as women's health and education

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