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India's progress on MDGs found tardy

Despite some progress in primary education, assured rural employment and access to potable water, India continues to lag behind in realising the Millennium Development Goals set for 2015 by the United Nations, says a new report

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Progress to MDGs slowing down, says latest UN report

The latest annual report on progress made by countries in meeting the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) blames the global economic downturn for slow progress in meeting the goals

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South Asia still lags behind in MDGs: latest UN report

India is on target to meeting the Millennium Development Goal of halving poverty and providing primary education. But it lags behind in sanitation, child nutrition and maternal mortality, according to the latest UN report on the status of the MDGs worldwide

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Millennium Development Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

Today, an estimated 1.2 billion people live on less than $1 a day. The first Goal calls for halving this number, as well as the number of people who suffer from hunger, by 2015. In many developing countries, the poor live on the margins of society, benefiting little from progress. They lack education, health care, adequate shelter, personal safety, and regular income—all the things needed to improve their quality of life.

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Millennium Development Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education

Education is a powerful instrument for reducing poverty and inequality, improving health and social well-being, and laying the groundwork for sustained economic growth. It is essential for building democratic societies and dynamic, globally competitive economies. Providing universal primary education, however, remains a great challenge: There are currently 115 million children—60 percent of them girls—not in primary school, the majority living in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

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Millennium Development Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

In both rich and poor countries, gender discrimination persists, and its consequences are difficult to ignore. Nowhere is this more apparent than in some developing countries, where traditional beliefs and practices put a high premium on boys’ education, while girls are excluded. Even when girls start school, they are more likely to drop out for these reasons. Without at least a complete primary education, women face limited employment options, discrimination, lower pay, and less control over their health and well-being.

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Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality

Keeping children alive and healthy, and enabling them to learn and thrive through adolescence, is imperative for the future of every country. According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), on average in developing countries, for every 1,000 children, 100 die before the age of five. Around the world, thousands of children die every year from preventable causes: illnesses caused by contaminated water, inadequate immunization, injuries from war and civil conflict, high levels of poverty and malnutrition, HIV/AIDS and the high incidence of malaria and tuberculosis.

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Millennium Development Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health

In 2000, more than half a million women died in childbirth or from pregnancy-related complications. Ninety-nine percent of these deaths, many of them preventable, occur in developing countries. Infections, severe blood loss and unsafe abortions account for the majority of deaths. Goal 5 calls for reducing the rate of maternal mortality by 75 % by 2015.

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Millennium Development Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases

The rampant spread of infectious diseases threatens to reverse development progress, reduce life expectancy and cut productivity. With an estimated 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS and 20 million deaths since the disease was first identified, AIDS poses an unprecedented health, economic, and social challenge on a global scale.

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Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

Our natural environment is the unequivocal basis of human survival. It is the foundation for all economic and, more importantly, human development. However, poorly managed economic development that has resulted in widespread pollution, land erosion and deforestation endangers the future of our natural resources—and our very survival. Because the environment provides the raw materials vital to sustaining human development, we must ensure that, in turn, international development policies work to preserve our natural environment.

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Millennium Development Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development

The last goal is in some ways the most significant: without key partnerships between rich and poor countries, the previous seven goals may not be achievable. Great opportunities for growth and development exist in today's fast-changing global economy, but many poor countries have been left behind, lacking access to new technologies as well as the resources to participate in the globalization process.

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