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HIV/AIDS

Sat23Jul2016

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Children and women with HIV face destitution and violence

Fifteen per cent of India’s 2.5 million HIV-positive are children. That’s 375,000 children, with 50,000 being born infected or becoming infected each year. The government has woken up to the tragedy and held a series of public hearings across the country recently. Sandhya Srinivasan spoke to R Meera who attended the hearings

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Insurgency makes health care dangerous

In the state with the highest prevalence of HIV in the country, insurgency has added to the difficulties of people accessing health care. Health teams cannot operate freely in areas where the insurgents’ writ runs large, and bombs, bandhs and curfews prevent people from getting timely medication. Chitra Ahanthem reports from Manipur

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Violence, sexual minorities and two continents

Violence against transgenders and sex workers occurs in different parts of the world. Two community based organisations, based on two continents, that protect and help sexual minorities came together to exchange their similar experiences, reports B Jayashree

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‘Denial of education most common problem faced by HIV affected children’

The UNICEF study of Kerala that revealed this and other findings says that 88% of children in the state have not revealed their HIV-positive status in school for fear of dismissal or discrimination. Many of those who have done so speak about the problems they encounter, though a small positive change is discernible. Anosh Malekar details the findings of the report

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Health and HIV in Jammu and Kashmir

In Jammu, people fleeing a conflict situation survive in congested refugee camps. In Kashmir, the population is under siege by the army and by militants. Their common ground: vulnerability to sexual abuse, abysmal healthcare, and the absence of any public awareness programme. This is the perfect breeding ground for epidemics of all sorts - including HIV. Anju Munshi reports on how conflict and displacement impact health

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Unequally yoked: Women highly vulnerable to HIV in Pakistan

Women are at high risk of contracting HIV from their husbands whose risky behaviour they cannot control or resist. Even female sex workers lack the power to negotiate for safe sex. Sehrish Shaban reports from Islamabad on how their lack of knowledge and empowerment ruined the lives of three women

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Children and HIV: Treatment options

Every year, 33,000 new-borns in India get HIV from their infected mothers. Though it is well known that early ART will prevent illness and death in infants, the lack of early testing, paediatric formulations and access to basic healthcare facilities come in the way of effective prevention and treatment, as Mariette Correa explains

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Children and HIV: Vulnerability and burden

There are no laws for the protection of children who are orphaned by HIV/AIDS or who may have contracted the virus themselves. Without family and social support, they are at risk of being sexually abused or trafficked into prostitution, says Mariette Correa

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Pakistan’s marginalised communities have limited access to HIV-TB treatment

The number of patients suffering from the lethal combination of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS in Pakistan is increasing. A majority of those affected are marginalised communities such as sex workers and injecting drug users who have limited access to prevention and treatment, reports Aroosa Masroor

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Children and HIV: Neglecting the young

Every day, nearly 1,800 children under 15 are infected with HIV worldwide. About 21,000 children in India are infected with HIV every year. Yet even today, the emphasis of prevention, care and treatment is on adults – the productive and reproductive age-group, says Mariette Correa

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Which lessons do we want to learn?

A survey of sex workers by the Delhi Commission for Women has thrown up some interesting data on trafficking and HIV that could make the government’s policies more effective. But since the data suggests that the government’s current approach is wrong, will anyone want to learn the lessons it teaches, asks Manjima Bhattacharjya

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Street children and AIDS: a hidden time bomb

No one knows how many street children are at risk of contracting, or have died of, HIV/AIDS. They are not even listed as a vulnerable group, like commercial sex workers and homosexuals. Yet the sexual exploitation and drug abuse that is an inevitable part of their lives, points to a serious problem in urgent need of attention, says Charumathi Supraja

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Violence against women and HIV/AIDS

HIV-positive women face violence of various kinds such as denial of information, discrimination, and lack of security, but this gets little attention. Ranjita Biswas reports on a workshop in Kolkata, ‘Understanding Violence against Women and its Implications for our Struggle against HIV/AIDS’, that discussed this problem based on the findings of a six-month study

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New approaches to contain HIV risk among IDUs

Injecting drug use is an important risk factor for HIV in India. The entire South Asian and South East Asian region has shown an alarming increase in injecting behaviour. While voluntary abstinence is the best cure, it has a poor success rate. We need to look at more innovative and effective approaches being successfully tried out elsewhere, says Eldred Tellis

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The female face of AIDS

By Max Martin

World leaders and policymakers are concerned that an increasing number of women are getting infected with the HIV virus. Latest trends show that nearly half of all people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide are women

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Sexual taboos hamper India's fight against AIDS

 With talk of sex in Indian society taboo, male to male sexuality is hardly recognised in HIV research and policy-making. And yet, the country's male homosexual population is estimated at a considerable 50 million. Keya Acharya assesses the implications of this situation

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The 'new' face of HIV/AIDS

The increasing number of women with HIV/AIDS in India, most of them not from groups traditionally considered high risk, has presented government and NGOs with a new challenge. Manjima Bhattacharjya explains

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