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Ethics in human resource management

Healthcare providers for people with HIV/AIDS are faced with the dual burden of the physical and the emotional risks of providing care. The physical risk is addressed to some extent by post exposure prophylaxis. But the emotional risk is largely left to the individual and there is little by way of institutional responsibility for minimising this

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Friend, guide and counsellor

Organised networks of HIV- positive people have penetrated to the districts where they are active in reaching out to identified positive people. Most prevention and care programmes by both national and international bodies closely liaise now with DLNs to ensure the success of their projects. Rimjhim Jain looks at their achievements in different states

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Challenges in facing the HIV epidemic in Pakistan

Social taboos and a weak public health infrastructure have combined to prevent an effective response to the HIV epidemic in Pakistan. The epidemic is largely restricted to groups at high risk but it is feared that, in the absence of a comprehensive programme, it will move into the general population.

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'UNAIDS will continue to fight to ensure that laws reflect the rights of people'

The solidarity of India's gay, lesbian, bi-sexual and transgender community played a key role in the Delhi High Court's judgement reading down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, said Michel Sidibe, Executive Director of the United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

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“The epidemic is feeding on the faultlines of inequality and discrimination”

Geeta Rao Gupta, currently a co-convener of the Social Drivers Working Group of aids2031, an international initiative to chart a course for a global response to AIDS over the next 25 years, spoke to Ranjita Biswas about new trends in AIDS strategy to address gender inequality

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Universal access to antiretroviral drugs: Asia is far from reaching its target

Ranjita Biswas reports on the proceedings of the Ninth International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, which heard strong calls for increased access to treatment to women and children who were left out of the loop

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‘Nobody is denied ART in any part of the country’

Dr B B Rewari heads the National AIDS Control Organisation’s (NACO) antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme that provides free ART through government health centres. A senior physician at the Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital in Delhi, he has been working in this field for nearly two decades. He speaks to Rashme Sehgal about the implementation of the ART programme and its future scale-up

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“There is a crying need for adolescent education across the country”

Sujatha Rao, director-general of the National AIDS Control Organisation, explains in an exclusive interview with Rashme Sehgal why it is important as part of the HIV/AIDS programme in India to promote life skills education amongst young people.

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Access to antiretrovirals: Patents and the way forward

The strict patent regime that India has embraced is bound to make new ARV drugs more costly. We must therefore decide now how to make HIV drugs affordable, says Priti Radhakrishnan

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2031 Outlook: More promises

By Kirstin Palitza

A massive up-scaling of the treatment programme, an AIDS vaccine, and professionally run prevention programmes were listed as important targets to be achieved by 2031, at the conclusion of the International AIDS Conference in Mexico City.

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How ART survival rates compare in developing countries

Though ART programmes are doing well in most countries, there are significant disparities between and within different geographical areas and populations, the International AIDS Conference in Mexico City heard.

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Injecting drug users deprived of treatment

Injecting drug users comprise almost 10% of people living with HIV but face many obstacles in treatment, noted Dr Paul Nunn of the WHO at the release of treatment guidelines for injecting drug users at the 2008 International AIDS Conference in Mexico City.

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The Invisible Men

The HIV epidemic in Asia and Africa among men who have sex with men is similar to the epidemic in the 1980s in the US and Europe, said Peter Piot, retiring director of UNAIDS, at the satellite meeting on gay men/MSM preceding the 2008 World AIDS Conference in Mexico City.

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'HIV/AIDS is not taking money away from other diseases': Sujata Rao

Sujata Rao, head of the National AIDS Control Organisation, explains in an exclusive interview with Rashme Sehgal, why the HIV/AIDS programme in India should be considered very successful.

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Still a long way to go: Overview of the UN High Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS

Once every two years a high level UN meeting is held to assess the status of HIV/AIDS countrywise. This year, the report card showed some gains in access to treatment and increasing awareness, but emphasised that there was a long way to go to provide affordable drugs, universal access to treatment and gender equality, reports Ranjita Biswas

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Call for action on HIV TB

As preparation for the first meeting of the HIV TB Global Leaders' Forum at the United Nations on June 9, 2008, the Forum has put out a ‘call for action’ that reminds governments of the seriousness of the HIV-TB link and what actions they must take.

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The National AIDS Control Programme (1, 2, 3)

Each of the three phases of the National Aids Control Programme in India has focused on, or emphasised, different aspects of the HIV epidemic in efforts to contain the spread of the disease. M Prasanna Kumar traces the evolution of the programme over the years

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HIV prevention costs and programme scale: data from the PANCEA project in five low and middle-income countries

HIV prevention costs and programme scale: data from the PANCEA project in five low and middle-income countries

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Obstetric practices related to HIV in Kerala

Lincoln Priyadarshi Choudhury and V Raman Kutty reveal the findings of a survey of obstetricians' knowledge and practices in two districts in Kerala. The study, finds, among other things, that most providers are unaware of the value of the rapid screening test for HIV; they do not give pregnant women the option to refuse testing, and testing is done without counselling

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The future of AIDS and the ethics of seclusion in the face of an impending danger

If the developed world does not put in more resources to contain AIDS in resource poor countries, the epidemic will grow to unmanageable proportions, affecting everyone, says Mpho Selemogo

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Challenges confronting the WHO/UNAIDS 3x5 Initiative

Ruth Macklin discusses how selection for treatment can be fair, equitable and accountable

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