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MDG 2015

Millennium Development Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

Today, an estimated 1.2 billion people live on less than $1 a day. The first Goal calls for halving this number, as well as the number of people who suffer from hunger, by 2015. In many developing countries, the poor live on the margins of society, benefiting little from progress. They lack education, health care, adequate shelter, personal safety, and regular income—all the things needed to improve their quality of life.

Malnutrition is a symptom of poverty. According to the World Bank, there are 150 million underweight children in the developing world, most of them in Africa. For an infant, being even mildly underweight increases the risk of death and inhibits mental and physical development.

Poverty rates can be cut in half by 2015 if countries implement policies that eliminate inequalities and create income-earning opportunities for the poor. Meeting this Goal is just the beginning, as almost 600 million people will be left living in extreme poverty. Still, the progress made will set into motion a trend that will bring the world closer to the elimination of poverty and the fulfillment of every person's basic human rights.

Targets:

  • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day.
  • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.

Useful links

Co-operative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere (CARE USA)
CARE is one of the world's largest private international humanitarian organizations, committed to helping families in poor communities combat poverty.

The World Bank Poverty Net
Poverty Net, a information service of the World Bank, provides resources and support for people working to understand and alleviate poverty.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
A division of the UN, it strives to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity and better the condition of rural populations worldwide.

World Food Programme (WFP)
A UN agency, it works to put hunger at the centre of the international agenda, promoting policies and implementing operations that directly benefit the poor and hungry.

ActionAid
ActionAid is a partnership that works with poor and marginalized people to eradicate poverty by overcoming the injustice and inequity of the denial of basic human rights.

Microfinance: Empowering the Poor
The term "microfinance" seems like an improbable word to define easily, but a surface-level understanding of microfinance requires only a familiarity with ordinary, run-of-the-mill banking services.