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Estimates of Incidence of Poverty in India

Year Poverty ratio (%) Number of poor (million)
Rural Urban Combined Rural Urban Combined
1973-74 56.4 49 54.9 261.3 60 321.3
1977-78 53.1 45.2 51.3 264.3 64.6 328.9
1983 45.7 40.8 44.5 252 70.9 322.9
1987-88 39.1 38.2 38.9 231.9 75.2 307.1
1993-94 37.3 32.4 36 244 76.3 320.3
1999-00 27.1 23.6 26.1 193.2 67.1 260.3
2007* 21.1 15.1 19.3 170.5 49.6 220.1
* Poverty projection for 2007  
Source: Tenth Five Year Plan, Vol. 1, Planning Commission